Saturday, 17th August, 1844, One o'clock, P.M.-Left Liverpool in the Great Western steamship, Captain Mathews, for New York, with 138 passengers. Wind N.W., blowing a strong gale. In two hours very few passengers on deck, the ship rolling heavily. At four discharged the pilot. At half-past twelve passed Holyhead. Went to bed rather squeamish at seven. Sunday morning.-Rose at seven; was awakened by the stopping of the engine, from breaking a new wheel which had been put up to work the blowers for the fires. Detained an hour and half in consequence. Passed Tuskar at ten. Had public worship at one: the Church of England service, in which the name of the President of the United States was introduced: about seventy attended. No sermon, there being no minister on board, and the Captain not prepared. The routine of each day appears to be this: -The gong sounds at half-past seven to rise; breakfast at nine; at twelve lunch; at half-past three dress for dinner; at four dine; half-past seven tea; very few take supper at ten; lights put out at eleven punctually.
This volume constitutes the first ever attempt to establish a basis for comparative research on defence procurement regulation. For decades there has been repeated emphasis on the extent to which barriers to trade in Europe and the US prevent a more competitive defence market. Transatlantic Defence Procurement offers a first analysis of the potential impact of defence procurement regulation itself as a barrier to trade between the US and EU. Part I examines the external dimension of a new EU Defence Procurement Directive, focusing on its implications for third countries, in particular the US. Part II examines foreign access and treatment under US law. Part III maps a future research agenda that is essential for a more systematic understanding of legal barriers to transatlantic defence trade. The book provides context for future initiatives, ranging from reformed market access arrangements to a Defence Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership and beyond.
Open any nineteenth century navigational chart of the Atlantic Ocean and what is immediately apparent is the proliferation of rocks, shoals, islands and other hazards that litter almost every corner of the ocean. Known to seamen as 'vigias', these were dangers whose existence rested on authentic, documented sightings. Yet amazingly none of these supposed hazards had any real existence. What is the story behind these mysterious vigias? Raymond Howgego offers a unique study of this intriguing phenomenon. He identifies more than three hundred such vigias, providing exact locations, details of their original discovery and those who discovered them, as well as Admiralty expeditions despatched to investigate them. Based upon extensive personal research of every known Atlantic chart, original logs, nautical journals and directories, together with multilingual sources, and with an annotated critical bibliography, the result is a compelling account of an intriguing phenomenon of geographical discovery, maritime history and nautical culture.
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