Being a Nautical Description of the Coasts of France, Spain and Portugal, the West Coast of Africa, the Coasts of Brazil and Patagonia, the Islands of the Azores, Madeiras, Canaries and Cape Verdes, and of the detached Shoals and Dangers reported to exist in the Atlantic; to this is added a General Review of the Winds, Tides, Currents, etc. A Description of the principal Harbours on the Coast of North America, and the Account of the most advantageous Tracks across the Atlantic.
This book develops a theory of a Caribbean-Atlantic imaginary by exploring the ways two colonial texts represent the consciousnesses of Amerindians, Africans, and Europeans at two crucial points marking respectively the origins and demise of slavocratic systems in the West Indies. Focusing on Richard Ligona (TM)s History of Barbados (1657) and Matthew a Monka (TM) Lewisa (TM) Journal of a West India Proprietor (1834), the study identifies specific myths and belief systems surrounding sugar and obeah as each of these came to stand for concepts of order and counterorder, and to figure the material and symbolic power of masters and slaves respectively. Rooting the imaginary in indigenous Caribbean myths, the study adopts the pre-Columbian origins of the imaginary ascribed by Wilson Harris to a cross cultural bridge or arc, and derives the mythic origins for the centrality of sugar in the imaginarya (TM)s constitution from Kamau Brathwaite. The booka (TM)s central organizing principle is an oppositional one, grounded on the order/counterorder binary model of the imaginary formulated by the philosopher-social theorist Cornelius Castoriadis. The study breaks new ground by reading Ligona (TM)s History and Lewisa (TM) Journal through the lens of the slavesa (TM) imaginaries of hidden knowledge. By redefining Lewisa (TM) subjectivity through his poema (TM)s most potent counterordering symbol, the demon-king, this book advances recent scholarly interest in Jamaicaa (TM)s legendary Three Fingered Jack.
The Atlantic Connection takes up the major themes of Atlantic history focusing on the interconnections of the Atlantic world from 1450-1900. During this period, ships, goods, diseases, human beings and ideas flowed across the ocean, tying together the Atlantic basin in a complex web of relationships. The book is divided into four main sections: Explorations, Colonization and Conquest, The Movement of People and Ideas, and The Age of Ideology. Across these sections the The Atlantic Connection is set out in a broadly chronological way, but also considers key cultural themes such as gender, social developments, the economy, and ideologies as well as:
The role of the Atlantic in ensuring European dominance
The creation of a set of societies with new cultural norms and philosophical ideals that continued to evolve and to transform not only the Atlantic, but the rest of the world; in other words, the importance of the Atlantic in shaping modernity
The contestation over rights and justice that emerged from the Atlantic world, which likewise continues to exist as a significant issue in today's world - as well as some of the solutions to these issues.
The book is also bound together by an essential microhistorical argument that which is important in understanding why Atlantic history took the shape that it did and answering the key question; if European dominance of the Atlantic was not the result of their technological prowess, then how did it come about? Anna Suranyi argues that this occurred partly as a result of Western European geographical orientation toward the ocean, which allowed Western Europeans to take advantage of both Ottoman innovation and their increasing navigational expertise. Once the initial contact had been made, the wealth as well as the cultural challenge emanating from Atlantic helped spur on European developments including the Protestant Reformation, Commercial Revolution, Scientific Revolution, and eventually the Enlightenment, as well as fostering the growth of new societies in the Atlantic, while eventually undermining African development. Together these developments paved the way for European Atlantic supremacy.
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